English Language Arts (ELA)
Kindergartners are becoming familiar with the knowledge, skills and behaviors needed to become readers and writers. Students learn to identify and generate rhyming words, associate letters with sounds, and use that letter sound knowledge to write words. Reading strategies are taught to help students develop strong decoding and comprehension skills. Reading and writing skills are best learned collaboratively, so students engage in these activities with partners as well as in small and large groups. All students learn to become authors while writing stories, informational texts and opinion pieces throughout the year. Writers are celebrated through regular publishing parties held in the classroom.
Literacy skills taught in kindergarten include:
- Letter names and sounds
- Long and short vowels
- Print concepts (reading left to right and top to bottom)
- Blending (putting sounds together to read words) and segmenting (breaking down the sounds to write words)
- Learning sight words (words that commonly occur in texts)
- Identifying story elements including characters, setting and major events.
- Identifying the role of authors and illustrators
- Retelling a story in sequence
- Asking and answering questions about fiction and non-fiction texts
Students in all grades K-8 learn reading and writing strategies and skills through teacher modeling, guided practice and independent reading and writing time. Through daily reader’s and writer’s workshop time, students learn to live as a reader and writer, thinking critically about texts and generating numerous narrative, informational and opinion writing pieces over the course of a year.
In kindergarten, students will focus primarily on two important areas. The first is learning numbers and what numbers represent. The second is addition and subtraction. Students will also learn to identify and work with shapes. Activities in these areas include:
- Counting how many objects are in a group and comparing the quantities of two groups of objects
- Comparing two numbers to identify which is greater or less than the other
- Understanding addition as putting together and subtraction as taking away from
- Adding and subtracting very small numbers quickly and accurately
- Breaking up numbers less than or equal to 10 in more than one way (for example, 9=6+3, 9=5+4)
- For any number from 1 to 9, finding the missing quantity that is needed to reach 10
- Representing addition and subtraction word problems using objects or by drawing pictures
- Solving addition and subtraction word problems involving numbers that add up to 10 or less or by subtracting from a number 10 or less